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Guangdong: low carbon development in action (attention)

Climate change is a hot topic internationally. The UN climate change conference in Qatar this year, held in Doha, countries will negotiate, onissues such as greenhouse gas emission reduction in 2013 after thegame.

What are the effects of global warming on China coastal city ecological environment, people how to deal with? Guangdong is the national development and Reform Commission in 2010 identified 5 pilot provinces in the country one of the low carbon, a few days ago,Chinese Meteorological Bureau organized "climate change Chineseline" journalists into Guangdong everywhere, the reporter made field visits.

The Pearl River Delta region temperature, higher than the global average

The frequent occurrence of extreme weather

The winds and waves are arbitrary raging, more than 4000 meters of the seawall was blown into seven or eight segments, fish farms nightlarge inter Island behind personnel come to nothing, and even written a suicide note...... This is not a disaster movie scenes, but in 2008fourteenth strong typhoon "Hagupit" attack Guangdong YangjiangHailing Island when the real scene.

Deputy director of the Yangjiang Municipal Meteorological Bureau,Liang Guofeng recalls, "when they detect the maximum wind speedHagupit" reached 51.3 M / s, the waves are high, the house is shaking,aluminum alloy windows were blown concave.

Once the heavily damaged Hailing river has been repaired, however,the residents of the island on the disaster 4 years ago is still fresh in my memory, the people still have a lingering shadow: there will be a"Hagupit"?

The chief expert of Guangdong Provincial Meteorological Bureau Du Yaodong introduced, according to the monitoring data of 1961 - 2008,Southern China area air temperature increased significantly, especially the assemble of height of industry of the Pearl River Delta region is more obvious, the heating rate at 0.3 ℃ /10 years, far higher than the global average level; in the recent 30 years, the South China Sea to sea level rise speed of up to 2.7 mm / year, had a negative impact onthe coastal areas of economic development and ecological environment.

Accompanied by a significant rise in temperature, Guangdong the frequent occurrence of extreme weather, storm surge disastersincreased risk of storm surge in recent 10 years, the frequency ofGuangdong suffered 1.5 times 1949 - 1995 years; coastal city frequentwaterlogging, the mouth of the river bed elevation, seriously affected the normal operation of waterway, port, coastal erosion, Zhanjiang; Ma Xie bronze drum ridge coast 40 years retreat 25 meters; due to climate change, agricultural production conditions, the Pearl River Basin waterflow, living environment and so on have changed significantly, the balance of nature in a break......

Du Yaodong said, the cause of climate change is natural, but also for someone. Human reason mainly includes human fossil fuel burning in greenhouse gas emissions, land use and aerosol emissions, the last century since the 90's rapid city Southern China regional, local climateeffect.

"The next 30 years, the sea level along the coast of Southern China will likely than in 2009 increased by 73 - 127 mm." Guangdong Provincial Meteorological Bureau deputy director Zhuang Xudong said. Studies show that, if the sea level to rise 100 mm, Guangzhou, Zhongshan,Zhuhai and Hongkong, Macao will be affected by the dry season salt water intrusion; sea-level rise of 300 mm, the Pearl River Deltaoffshore 48 islands will be submerged in the sea......

Energy saving, carbon reduction efforts by the government to play the role of the market

Energy efficiency level in the forefront of the country

Reporter in the interview that, faced with the threat of climate change,Guangdong Province to take strong measures to deal with.

To the Pearl River Delta town -- Zhongshan City Xiaolan, at night,lights, lighting and delicate colorful flowers add radiance and beauty to each other, the whole town looks very pretty and charming.

Reporter discovery, the town lights do not in general -- street full of LED energy saving lamp. Liang Rongjia said the mayor, Xiaolan Town,the contract energy management mode of the LED transformation ofthe town street, the replacement of more than 6700 road lights, just this one measure to reduce energy consumption by about 50%, annualenergy saving 2400000 kwh, equivalent to more than 2400 tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

According to introduction, Guangdong Province plans before the end of 2014, in the application of road, public places, government agencies,state-owned enterprises and institutions to complete the LED lighting products. Guangdong Province, universal access to public places2000000 street lamp after transformation, annual electricity will drop to 1200000000 kwh, reduce carbon dioxide emissions 2680000 tons.

However, the current average price of LED lamp transformation of up to 15 yuan / W, the province's 2000000 LED street lamptransformation need to invest 9000000000 yuan, this is not a smallinvestment.

In order to ensure the smooth completion of the transformation of LED street lamp, Guangdong around most of the contract energymanagement mode: from the energy management company investment transformation, and then into the electricity savings, to a certain period after the street to the government. At present,Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Huizhou, Foshan as the first stagehas transformed to more than 6 LED street lights, power saving rate is 51%, LED street lamp input about 4 and a half years can recover the investment from the energy-saving benefit.

Guangdong Provincial Development and Reform Commission Director Li Chunhong introduction, Guangdong Province as the national low carbon pilot provinces, and actively explore the mechanism of low carbon development system innovation, promoting energy conservation, carbon reduction efforts by the government to give play to the role of market transformation, combining low carbon pilot and industrial structure adjustment, combined with the completion ofenergy-saving and carbon reduction constraint index, combined with the approval and construction project.

In recent years, Guangdong significantly accelerated the pace ofadjustment of energy structure in 2011, Guangdong nuclear powerinstalled capacity reached 6000000 kilowatts, the operation of wind power installed capacity reached 930000 kilowatts. Million yuan GDP energy consumption fell 3.5%, energy efficiency level after Beijing,ranked second.

Let enterprises to establish a "carbon" consciousness, excessive useof environmental resources


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